Bitcoin Deflation Helps An Ecologically Sustainable Future

Our psychological levers have a great influence on our behavior. The flipping of perceived value of spending and investment from an inflationary currency to a deflationary currency will influence the big and small decisions we make daily. It is likely that this change will non-trivially shape the impact in energy use, resource allocation and management, and ways of living of the future.

The standard reaction of traditional economists in front of the deflationary nature of Bitcoin is that of horror: they have been trained and ingrained with the notion that deflation only exists when there is a collapse of demand. But this confuses, as it often happens, the two phenomena. There is no precedent of an inherently deflationary currency, and the only examples of deflation that historically economists could have been able to observe, appeared because of a dramatic decline of demand, as in the Great Depression, or at a lesser degree, in the Japan of the ‘90s.

The reverse however is not necessarily true, there is no inherent reason why deflation should cause a collapse in demand. The increase in value of a given currency, in relation to all the other goods in the economy, can bring to a certain level of hoarding, which in turn can make the currency more valuable. But this will not create a vicious cycle that stops all spending. At every value of the currency, decisions will be made concerning products and services that are needed, and are worth buying regardless of the possible future gains in value of the currency.

What is today’s investment and consumption model? Many times, especially in the US economy, it is easy to observe “just so” expenses, that are not valuable in the long run: the new shopping mall, the gadgets, and gizmos that fill up houses, triple garages, and extra storage.

What is potentially tomorrow’s model in a deflationary economy? Each decision to spend, and to invest will have to face a higher bar, where the return on the investment will have to outperform the unavoidable increase in the currency value. As if all your savings were automatically put in treasuries, but without a corresponding public debt being generated.

A good example of a deflationary forces already at work can be found in the consumer electronics and mobile phone industries. Under pressure from competition and the spontaneous fuel of Moore’s law, new products have higher capabilities, at constant prices. If we take the phone itself as a numéraire, the basis of the exchange, we can easily see how their unit capabilities correspond to a deflationary pressure. Apple has about $150 billion of cash reserves exactly for this reason. Spending their money unless it can match the higher bars of performance increase or utility to users would be a bad decision. But obviously this doesn’t mean that Apple will ever stop making new iPhone models as the traditional deflationary view would imply.

All of this could be very good news to the planet and to our global society. Spending for the sake of it, rather than when it is really useful, is unsustainable. And, having run out of places to hide the externalities of our actions, we now realize that unsustainability is unsustainable. Bitcoin’s deflationary effect will allow us to reprogram our minds, and behaviors to make sustainable decisions instead, driving the planetary economy to more ecological footings.

(Originally published on in the “Internet of Money” group.)

Wishes for the year 2013: “Going with the Flow”

 When everything goes well (does it ever?), it is easy to feel good, even smug about being right, smart, and on top of things. Claiming to be in the flow, without necessarily having achieved it. Just like Hollywood movies about the future that tend to be overly dark in depicting the worst possible scenarios still find a way to achieve a positive outcome, it is when you find an obstacle on your road that you can choose how to face it, and find your personal solutions.

The simplest way to represent these obstacles, things that go wrong, is to say that they are either a consequence of what you did or didn’t do, or a consequence of what others did or didn’t do. And in each of these cases it would have been better otherwise. What is a common, and natural reaction is to feel negatively about them:  remorse, regret, rancor and reproach (funnily each starting with an ‘r’).

Unavoidably almost universally these feelings contribute nothing or even are themselves an obstacle towards more constructive developments, and while they can be recognized as a natural initial reaction, the best course of action is that of letting them go.

The flow achieved in these more complex circumstances, where challenges are seen as a natural component of our lives, is robust, and confident, resilient, and dynamic.

PS: we recently legally wound down WideTag, Inc., which has been a wonderful ride, and gave us experiences and opportunities beyond our original expectations.

How can we eliminate the barriers to human understanding?

Image representing dotSUB as depicted in Crunc...

Image via CrunchBase

One of the uniquely human characteristics is empathy, our capability of projecting ourselves in the place of others, in order to gain insight in their perspective, and motivations. Without a high degree of empathy we wouldn’t see other human beings as such, but as basically animate objects, and many of our most basic guides which shape our actions would be profoundly impacted.

Empathy is based on many different clues, and can actually apply to animals too, but in its most complex forms it is mediated by our higher functions, especially language. Language, in its various forms, spoken, or written, is the basic, powerful projection of our thoughts. We can achieve enormous force multipliers through the shared understanding mediated by language. It is the foundation of our civilization.

An other, more implicit but not less important element of empathy is represented by the visual clues that observing somebody gives us. Their demeanor, the way they move, speak, or look at us, all convey a very nuanced, complex set of information, which we instinctively use to make very quick judgements of trust, dependability, and affinity.

Technology has enabled an enormous increase in communication through the centuries, and without the increased understanding and interconnectedness that we gained, our global civilization could not exist.

Combining the two elements that I listed above, one can see where the enormous power of online video comes from: whether it is a conference, a lecture, a political speech, a product tutorial, the description of a social cause, or any other form of spoken communication, Internet video uses language, and visual elements, projected on a global level to arbitrarily large audiences.

Making sure that online video can be understood by everybody, and used at its maximum potential is a fundamental enabler of empathy, a new building block of our complex, technological civilization.

Michael Smolens and new CEO David Orban discuss dotSUB’s future

This is the reason why I am so thrilled, excited, and proud to have been appointed the CEO of dotSUB, the leading technology and services provider powering video viewing via captions and translations as subtitles in any language, based in New York City. Founded by Michael Smolens, dotSUB increases access, engagement and global reach of online videos. dotSUB’s Enterprise Solutions are easy, fast and cost-effective, and its clients include Adobe, Bank of America, Electronic Arts, GE, NHL Players Association, The Port Authority of NY/NJ, US Army, TED and WETA (PBS).

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Live blogging from the iLabs Singularity Summit

The Singularity Arrives in Europe, Streaming Live

Self-portrait of Leonardo da Vinci. Red chalk....

Image via Wikipedia

Originally published in KuzweilAI News

On Saturday, March 5, for the first time, a Singularity-related event will be held in Europe — at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Milan, Italy.

Produced by Milan-based research institute iLabs(Wikipedia page here), the one-day, free iLabs Singularity Summit (not affiliated with the Singularity Institute’s Singularity Summit) will feature speeches by Ray Kurzweil (“Approaching the Singularity”), Aubrey de Grey (“Regenerative medicine and perspective in anti-ageng tools”), and iLabs founders Gabriele Rossi and Antonella Canonico.

The event will be streamed live in English and in Italian onWired TV, starting at 4 AM EST (10 AM Central European Time). The video-recorded sessions will be also availableafter the event.

Computer scientist Gabriele Rossi will present iLabs’ formal “Models of Reference” theory, which analyzes the application of AI and AGI (artificial general intelligence) to law and social organizations. Psychologist Antonella Canonico will present iLabs’ iMed health monitoring and prevention software. Their work is less well known outside of Italy, but their books are available in English for free Creative Commons-licensed download.

The choice of the beautiful historic renaissance Museum (named after Leonardo da Vinci) as the location for the event exemplifies the contrast between the current U.S. interest and media coverage of accelerating technology/Singularity ideas and European tradition, with its strong roots in the past, which reduces the ability of individuals and societies to adapt to rapidly changing conditions in a globally competitive economy. This event may help change that.

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Are you ready for IPv6?

Are you ready for IPv6? Did you know you’d better soon be ready? Is your ISP, or even country ready, and do they know?!

If you don’t even know what IPv6 is, you are not alone. There are billions of people who don’t know, and they shouldn’t, since this fundamental protocol, which is the latest version six of IP, invented in the ‘70s by Vint Cerf, and Bob Kahn is so deeply buried in the Internet services we use every day, that when you are forced to see it, you know something is very, very wrong.

Well, something is very, very wrong. We are quickly running out of IPv4 addresses, and what this means is that, simply put, the Internet will be clogged. It will not be possible to add new devices to it, no new computers, mobile phones, consumers, corporate users, nothing in addition of what is already connected.

The projections are for the last sizable chunks of numbers to be allocated to providers around May 2011, who then will hand them out, at ever diminishing rates to their customers.

If you are an individual, it will be of course the responsibility of your provider (the Comcasts, Verizons, if you are in the US, or BTs for example if you are in the UK), to make sure that your new cable modem, or next year’s iPhone model will keep working. And if you trust them, you can stop reading. But if you are a corporate user, or if you think that an additional voice being heard actually matters, then keep reading!

Vint Cerf, the father of the Internet, is now employed by Google with the title of Evangelist, to go around the planet and raise awareness about the numerous issues that surround the healthy development of his creation. He was in the UK yesterday, and somebody on Facebook commented “ah, that’s why he wasn’t in China at an other meeting he was expected to attend”, to talk at the launch of 6UK.

Here is a video of Vint’s talk:

6UK is is a not-for-profit membership organization that helps the UK secure every competitive advantage available from the rapid adoption of the new Internet protocol, and to make sure no segment of UK industry and wider society gets left behind.

A worthy goal!

Even more so if you consider that, according to a research made by Google the Internet generated over £100B of business last year in the UK per year, contributing to over 7% of its GDP. David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the UK announced that his Government wants to build and deploy within 2015 the best, and fastest broadband network in Europe.

Neither the business, nor the network can happen if the transition to IPv6 doesn’t happen, in a planned, orderly fashion.

Address translation and address trading are useful for extending the use of IPv4 as temporary measures.

The transition has to be done in a planned way, and not in a panic. Even if among 6UK’s stakeholders there is BIS, a department of the Ministry of Communication, there is no direct government intervention being planned, with the Government only providing guidance, and leadership (and as explicitly mentioned in the conference substantial incentives through its purchases), and the private sector must recognize that the migration is in its own best interest.

The Internet is already everywhere, and it is becoming even more widespread with the development of Internet of Things applications. Neelie Kroes, the Commissioner responsible for the EU’s Digital Agenda, wants all cars to be Internet connected.

The migration from IPv4 to IPv6 will be a long process, and through temporary technical solutions like address translation, and NAT—hated kludges complicating the networks, and making the development of exciting and disruptive applications like Skype more difficult—the two can and will coexist.

Won’t the same problem present itself again with IPv6 also running out of available space? Well, never say never, but it will be a long time certainly before that happens. The available range of IPv6 numbers, three hundred forty undecillion (thanks, Wolfram | Alpha!), is so large, that it is difficult to find analogies to make any sense of it. So here’s my attempt, let me know if I succeeded. Instead of struggling to go beyond assigning a unique IP number as needed to merely a few billion mobile phones and computers, let’s be more ambitious, and squander the new abundance. Let’s assign a unique IP number to each cell in the human body! You’d think we’d run quickly out, but not so: we’d be able to manage a septillion (one million billion billion) humans… And without resorting to NAT!

Are you eager to start to do something? Head over to to learn what you can do today!

4G Networks will Most Influence the World Over the Next Decade

Here is reprinted from his Facebook note, Alex Lightman’s writing about why 4G networks deserve to win the first ever The Economist Innovation Conference Readers’ Award.

Why 4G Networks Deserves Your Vote as the Innovation that will Most Influence the World over the Next Decade

The Economist magazine is, for the first time, having a Reader’s Choice awards contest. I believe 4G Networks deserves your vote because it is the innovation that will be the most influence the world over the next decade, from 2011 to 2020.

Here’s the list of candidate technologies, which was selected out of hundreds (thousands?) suggested, as written by The Economist.

Full disclosure: I wrote the first book on 4G, and I’ve been invited to give the equivalent of the Oscar acceptance speech if 4G wins. However, even if I wasn’t in this happy position, I would still write this note and still say exactly the same things.

  • 4G networks Fourth Generation wireless networks will bring broadband to the developing world and make it ubiquitous in the rich world, by enabling people to have broadband internet access on mobile devices.
  • Electric cars Electric cars have the potential to change the automobile industry and make an enormous contribution to efforts to reduce pollution.
  • Geoengineering Efforts to engineer desired changes to the earth’s climate will help to counterbalance or reverse the potentially catastrophic negative effects of climate change.
  • Graphene electronics The properties of graphene open up possibilities for superfast electronics.
  • Personal genomics Analysis of a person’s genes has the potential to drive personalised medicine, showing people what diseases they may be prone to and even preventing these before they cause problems.
  • Private space-launch services Opening up space to the private sector will help enable ambitious space missions like a manned mission to Mars and make the dream of commercial space travel available to more people.
  • Randomised trials of aid and development schemes Rigorous experimental testing of interventions could promote development and make aid delivery far more efficient.

Here is my candid and personal view of why 4G Networks should get your vote and win, and why the others do not deserve to beat 4G Networks.

* 4G networks

Fourth Generation wireless networks will bring broadband to the developing world and make it ubiquitous in the rich world, by enabling people to have broadband internet access on mobile devices.

1. Ubiquity – ONLY 4G networks could possibly be in use by EVERY single adult on earth by 2020. There could be seven billion 4G devices in use by 2020.

2. Utility – 4G networks (which I define as those that will provide 20 Megabits/second wireless broadband Internet including Internet Protocol version 6 support), can allow for MILLIONS of applications and MILLIONS of videos to be made available to EVERY human being.

3. Communication never reaches saturation. We have a nearly infinite desire to reach out and connect with people. As my 4,500 or so friends on Facebook indicate, and other people in a similar position, we are experiencing an EXPLOSION in the number of people we are able to keep in touch with.

4. Presence – with 4G devices, people will know whether you are available to talk, text, video chat, do an Augmented Reality tour, or anything else you can think of.

5. Empathy or “Walk a mile in another man or woman’s moccasins” – with 4G wearable devices that have cameras looking out and looking at where your gaze is directed, you will be able to see and hear things almost exactly as someone (anyone, if they also have the device) does, enabling us to better develop what Jeremy Rikfin calls, “The Empathic Civilization”. None of the other innovations proposed is an empathy amplifier.

6. Shareable – as the Grameen bank has proven in Bangladesh, an entire village can share one mobile device. With a 4G device, many people can be doing parallel sessions because of all that extra bandwidth.

7. Cost – the Boston Consulting Group cost curve rule of thumb (heuristic) is that for every doubling of aggregate production volume, marginal cost of production falls by 10%. 4G is new, but it actually can build upon the massive experience curve of 1G, 2G, 3G, and the unlicensed band technologies, etc. to have cost fall asymptotically towards zero. With subsidy or with innovative business models, the cost actually WILL be approximately zero.

8. Social Superorganism – 4G is the only technology of the seven up for a vote that can transform humanity into something different, something I call a Social Superorganism, in which we have so much bandwidth with so many people in use so much of the time that we effectively become, from multiple objective, quantifiable measures, one single united being.

9. Health – 4G will enable massively expanded sharing of high resolution 3D medical scans and other medical records so that any doctor anywhere in the world can in theory offer treatment and advice to any sick or injured person, or even for preventative care.

10. Peace – It is my personal vision and prediction that if the entire world were provided with 4G communicators that there would be so much interconnectivity that the world would experience an unprecedented era of peace, even as we experience “peak everything” (oil, uranium, fresh water, population, etc.)

I hope I’ve made the case for 4G and that you will go to

and vote for 4G!

But what about the other candidate innovations? Here’s my (admittedly subjective) take on these:

* Electric cars

Electric cars have the potential to change the automobile industry and make an enormous contribution to efforts to reduce pollution.

1. Old news – Electric cars are a 110 year old innovation. I’m not even sure what they are doing on the list. There are new technologies, such as batteries, software and chargers, but these are not what’s being voted on.

2. Not ubiquitous – There are between 660 and 880 million cars out in the world, and 50 million new ones each year. Of these fewer than 1% are electric. While this will grow, over the next ten years, we will  have tens of millions of electric cars not billions or even hundreds of millions.

3. Required Smart Grid upgrades will slow adoption: Even if governments gave them away for free, the electrical grids need to be upgraded for charging. An electric car on a 4 hour charge uses as much electricity as three average households in San Francisco. SF has about 333,000 households. Adding 111,000 electric cars could potentially double the peak electricity usage, which is not so easy to do in a short period of time. And SF is powered by Pacific Gas and Electric, the utility that is so progressive that it gets more of its energy from renewables (40%) than any other utility. Try doing electric cars in Africa, South Asia, or Latin America in places were the electric grid can be down for large parts of the day.

4. It’s just driving. Driving is itself not an innovation.

* Geoengineering

Efforts to engineer desired changes to the earth’s climate will help to counterbalance or reverse the potentially catastrophic negative effects of climate change.

1. Vaporware. Where’s the conscious geoengineering that does what the descriptive line above says? Doesn’t exist. 4G actually exists.

2. It does exist, as humanity’s big environmental damage. The only geoengineering in the world today (and likely to be during the years 2011-2020 in question) is related to environmental problems: deforestation, desertification (think Sahara doubled), climate change. I’m sorry, but I don’t think that’s an innovation. I think that’s a catastrophe in the making, and not worthy of an award.

3. Law of Unintended Consequences – how do we know that a massively expensive geoengineering project won’t make other problems worse, even if it works as advertised.

* Graphene electronics

The properties of graphene open up possibilities for superfast electronics.

1. Computational closure – do we need higher resolution on our paper maps? How about the maps on Mapquest or Google maps? I don’t. I think maps are pretty much finished. I also think that where we are going without graphene electronics is fast enough. There is a limit: the speed of light. And fiber optics and computers are already up against the light speed limit right now.

2. Too far upstream. Graphene electronics is interesting and relevant for, say, Samsung or Intel or Cisco, but it’s not going to actually make a big impact for the end user. It’s an innovation limited in relevance, for the most part, to manufacturers, and not to other stakeholders.

3. What will it actually change? Not that much that wouldn’t have changed anyway.

* Personal genomics Analysis of a person’s genes has the potential to drive personalised medicine, showing people what diseases they may be prone to and even preventing these before they cause problems.

1. I have two words for this innovation: Terry Grossman. Grossman, the co-author with Ray Kurzweil of Fantastic Voyage and Trascend, runs a medical practice and longevity clinic in Colorado. He wrote a very interesting piece in H+ magazine this summer, which more or less debunks the idea that personal genomics will have a significant impact on health care.

2. This is a very narrow area for a minority of people who will make use of it a few times a decade, at most. 4G, in contrast, will be used by most of the people in the world most of the time for most of their activities.

* Private space-launch services

Opening up space to the private sector will help enable ambitious space missions like a manned mission to Mars and make the dream of commercial space travel available to more people.

1. Doesn’t really change anything. I want to go into space as much as anyone. I even have said that I want to die on Mars. But will spending millions of dollars on me to get to Mars actually impact life on earth all that much? Will having your rich friends in Beverly Hills who took Virgin Galactic out into space, and took pictures, and came back, actually change your life? I don’t think so.

2. It’s for rich people. It will cost hundreds of thousands of dollars to go into space. This means, from 2011 to 2020, that we are talking about tens of thousands of people who will be able to go on joyrides.  I want to do it. I plan to do it. But I don’t kid myself that flights into orbit and back will actually make a difference to the entire world.

3. It’s not for poor people. Gandhi said, “Consider the poorest person and ask yourself whether your next action will make any difference to that person.” We could spend hundreds of billions of dollars on a few trips to Mars, or a few hundred trips outside the earth’s atmosphere. A few thousand people could join the 100 mile high club or whatever it will be called. But this would not make a difference to the billions of people who are poor, and possibly illiterate, starving, ill, injured, and just want to get a slightly better price for their cucumbers or otherwise want or need to communicate.

* Randomised trials of aid and development schemes

Rigorous experimental testing of interventions could promote development and make aid delivery far more efficient.

1. I don’t even get why this is here, since we’re talking on a planetary scale. We’ve had hundreds of countries trying thousands of different aid projects over a period of centuries, and we have mountains of data, information, knowledge, and expertise about this. I don’t see this as an innovation, unless you imagine that the US and UK or other nation that is supposed to do the randomized trial as a nation with blinders on, that does not simply look at what other nations have tried. If you are in the US, and want to know what works with health care, look at what Cuba has done in 126 countries over the last 50 years, and see what has worked, and what hasn’t. This is not an innovation, this is common sense.

2. A wise person learns from the mistakes of others. A fool doesn’t even learn from his own. This is another way of saying the first point.

In conclusion, I think that 4G is not only better than any of the other innovations proposed, but it’s better (given the criteria of most impact over the next decade on the entire world) than all of the other innovations (or purported innovations) COMBINED.

I hope that I’ve sung for my supper, and given you objective grounds to vote for 4G networks

Thanks for your support for 4G!


Alex Lightman

The evolving human condition

Human technological civilization existed on the planet for ten thousand years, and has had an effect strong enough all around for this period to be called the Antropocene by Nobel Prize winning chemist Paul Krutzen. It is not exactly clear how people lived twenty or thirty thousand years ago, with idealistic views about communal sharing of food contrasting with others based on a bloody in teeth and claw view of nature.

When agriculture was invented, the surplus of food produced started the demographic explosion, and enabled the differentiation of roles in society, beyond those imposed by gender alone. There is almost universal consensus on how for a long time this change represented a worsening of the living conditions of most of the humans.

It has been a long journey, until we’ve been able to fully leverage the knowledge that was being acquired, and until the more complex but more useful methods of collecting, and sharing knowledge themselves have been learned, and applied.

For many people it used to appear that the process somehow might have reached an apex, that we stopped finding new challenges, or needing new knowledge. Famously even those who should have known better, like Thomas Kelvin on physics, or Hilbert on mathematics, from time to time declared that Humanity was more or less done. More recently, it has become more difficult to make that claim: philosophically due to Gödel opening up endless scientific paths; economically due to so many people needing help; existentially due to our radically expanding astronomical horizons; and foremost because of the undeniable acceleration of technological applications, and their more and more visible impact on the daily lives of billions of people.

So what is going to happen? How will Humanity change? How will humans change, to adapt to a world that is shaped by their technological creations? Can we muster the collective courage, and preserve our acquired freedoms, or extend them even further, while this change bring us to unexplored territories needing radically new adaptations, and definitions of what is to be human?

Humanity+ (humanity plus, or H+), the world transhumanist association, a non-profit action tank, is dedicated to proactively explore the space of possible answers to these, and other questions. Without pollyannaishly naive optimism, but with a rational, non-zero sum technological cost/benefit analysis, unclouded by dogmatic prescriptions, the organization is bound to provoke. Provoke thought, hopefully action, explore policy, and opportunity in shaping what Humanity has the opportunity to become, and understanding what level of strength, dedication, and determination is going to be required to make sure that this spectrum of opportunities is fully explored, and the most fruitful ones are chosen, and implemented by all those who are ready to shape the future.

You can also become a member in Humanity+, and support its activities!

The next major event is in less than a month: H+ Summit – The Rise Of The Citizen Scientist is going to feature 50 outstanding speakers, and up to 500 attendees at the Harvard University Science Center in Cambridge, MA, on June 12-13. I’ll be there, and you should too: grab a ticket for H+ Summit at 20% discount (50% if you are a student)!

Ray Kurzweil is speaking about his forthcoming book “How The Mind Works, And How To Build One”, with all new supporting materials. Stephen Wolfram is going to talk about “Computation And The Future Of The Human Condition”. There’ll be robots (!), dogs (!?), a Transhumorist, and it is so sure, lots, and lots of fun…

Even the tag cloud of the topics of the conference is the coolest collection of mind-bending memes:

Full disclosure: I have been recently elected Chairman of Humanity+, and am helping Executive Director, and Summit Chair Alex Lightman with the organization of the H+ Summit conference.

Singularity University in


The January 2010 issue of  Wired Italia. has a very nice article by Luca Sofri about Singularity University, and even more in depth about Ray Kurzweil, one of SU’s founders together with Peter Diamandis.

Luca came to visit Singularity University at NASA Ames during the inaugural GSP-09 in July 2009, and went back to visit Ray at his Boston area office in August.  I love his take on the institution, and the people behind it.

While the current editorial guidelines of Wired Italy make it so that not all of its content is online, so you can’t find the full text of this article there, a lot of additional material is available, in the form of videos that I shot with some of the faculty, and guest lecturers. On the Wired Italy Video page you can find eight 3-4 minute videos with:

  • Salim Ismail, Executive Director of Singularity University
  • Susan Fonseca Klein, Founding Architect of Singularity University
  • Dan Barry, President Danbar Robotics, and former NASA astronaut
  • Ralph Merkle, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Molecular Manufacturing
  • Carl Pilcher, Director of the NASA Astrobiology Institute
  • Matt Mullenweg, Founding Developer of WordPress, Automattic
  • Chris DiBona, OpenSource and Public Sector Program Manager of Google

(The videos on the Wired website are not embeddable, so I will also be uploading them to my YouTube channel)

It is great to see that Wired Italia keeps covering SU, and SU-connected people, after featuring an article about Peter Diamandis, and Dan Barry. That’s sure, there are a lot of interesting people and activities that are going on at Singularity University… And, yes, the applications are open for the next 9-day Executive Program at the end of February which is almost sold out, and the next 10-week Graduate Studies Program starting in June 2010. Go ahead, and enroll!

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Wishes for the year 2010: “Serendipity”

Photo by eschipul

That you may spend in the year that comes and the ones after it those ten thousand hours that according to Malcolm Gladwell it takes to become truly expert in the field of your passion, even if new, even if it has nothing to do with your work now. Prepared to recognize the value of what to others may sound crazy but that over time will prove to have great value for everyone, not just for you and your dreams.

(Written for Nova Il Sole 24 Ore, 24 December 2009)

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